Pyramid Texts Online

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Gardiner's Sign list

Thumbnail of Gardiners signlist Thumbnail of Gardiners signlist
Thumbnail of Gardiners signlist Thumbnail of Gardiners signlist

MdC Chart

Thumbnail of the MdC chart

Ancient Egyptian Language Tools

Tools and resources to help you learn the ancient Egyptian language:


Complete English Translation of the Unas Pyramid Texts (2002) - Pyramid Texts Online
Complete Hieroglyphs of the Unas Pyramid (2002) - Pyramid Texts Online
Pyramid Texts Translation only (1952) - Samuel A.B. Mercer
Pyramid Texts Hieroglyphs only (1908)- Kurt Sethe
Les Inscriptions des Pyramides de Saqqarah (1894) - Gaston Maspero (27mb pdf)
Les Textes des Pyramides Egyptiennes (1923) - Louis Speleers (22.3mb pdf)

Charts and Signlists:

Hieroglyph/Manuel de Codage chart - Pyramid Texts Online
Rosette Catalog V 2.2 - Projet Rosette
Gardiner's Sign List - Wikipedia
Aegyptus Character List
Hieroglyphic Stroke Order - Jenny Carrington

Flash Cards:

VOCAB: with Bennu - Video Flash Cards
Hieroglyphic Flash Cards - Plan Zero
Computerized Hieroglyphic Flash Cards - Luca Brigatti
Make your own Flash Cards with Anki


Dictionary of Middle Egyptian in Gardiner code - Paul Dickson (18.4mb)
Middle Egyptian Dictionary 2018 - Mark Vygus (15.3mb)
Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary - Wallis Budge Vol. 1, Vol. 2.
Hieroglyphic Dictionary - Paul Sciortino
Rosette Dictionary V2.1 - Project Rosette
Dictionary of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs - Simon Hayter (2.9mb updated January 2010)
Worterbuch -
Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae
GlyphStudy Open Source Project
Demotic Dictionary - Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago

Online Editors:

HieroWriter -
WikiHiero - Guillaume Blanchard (Aoineko)

Download Hieroglyph Software:

JSesh Hieroglyphic Editor - Serge Rosmorduc
Open Glyph Hieroglyph database
HieroEditor - Mike (rogerrabt)

Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts
Hieroglyphs Everywhere Fonts by Bob Richmond at Github
Towards a Proposal to encode Egyptian Hieroglyphs in Unicode, by Michael Everson & Bob Richmond, 2006-07-16 (PDF)
Egyptian Hieroglyphs in Unicode plain text A note on a suggested approach, by Bob Richmond, 2015-02-03 (PDF)
Proposal to encode three control characters for Egyptian Hieroglyphs, by Bob Richmond, 2015-04-04 (PDF)

Additional Resources:

A Guide to Egyptian Demotic Grammar - Leonardo Vieira
Middle Egyptian Grammar - Dr. Gabor Toth, Rutgers University
Michele Moglia's resources

Learn Middle Egyptian with Memrise
Middle Egyptian - James Allen Uni-, Bi- and Triliteral Signs. Designed for students of Egyptian at the University of Melbourne. Drills of all the uniliteral, biliteral and triliteral signs in Allen's "Middle Egyptian" (3rd ed.).

Middle Egyptian Grammar - James Hoch Organised according to his lessons with both English to Egyptian and Egyptian to English tests.

Decoding the Secrets of Egyptian Hieroglyphs - Bob Brier by The Great Courses.

Bennu Live

Bennu says:

There are a lot of links here and can be a bit overwhelming. I suggest printing off a copy of the Manuel de Codage chart as this is useful when using a computer to study hieroglyphs.
If, on the other hand, you're interested in learning how to write hieroglyphs I recommend printing out Jenny Carrington's Hieroglyphic Stroke Order. It is very important to learn a stroke order and stick to it otherwise your writing is inconsistant and difficult to read.
Joining an online discussion group such as AEL is also a very good way to learn the ancient Egyptian language.